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基于Android平台的GPS移动定位及运行轨迹管理系统的设计与分析

编辑:admin  来源:未知  时间: 2018-08-14  浏览数:

摘    要

随着智能手机走进普通人的生活,它将成为人们获取信息的主要设备。因此,手机的应用服务将会有很大的发展空间,手机GPS移动定位及运行轨迹管理系统服务就是其中的一项。Android平台支持各种应用的开发,它是目前最流行的开源智能手机操作系统,最新的版本是android4.0,提供了便捷灵活的开发接口。 
移动定位是指通过特定的定 位技术来获取移动手机或终端用户的位置信息(经纬度坐标),在电子地图上标出被定位对象的位置的技术或服务。定位技术有两种,一种是基于GPS的定 位,一种是基于移动运营网的基站的定位。基于GPS的定位方式是利用手机上的GPS定位模块将自己的位置信号发送到定位后台来实现移动定位的。基站定位则 是利用基站对手机的距离的测算距离来确定手机位置的。后者不需要手机具有GPS定位能力,但是精度很大程度依赖于基站的分布及覆盖范围的大小,有时误差会 超过一公里。前者定位精度较高。此外还有利用Wifi在小范围内定位的方式。本程序具有很好的可移植性和可继承性,开发者可以在其基础.
智能移动终端所具有的通讯服务、定位服务和摄像功能为及时获取照片信息带来了极大的方便。本题目要求学生基于Android智能终端开发出一个GPS移动定位及运行轨迹管理系统系统,包括照相、上传、图片出来等。这些信息需要通过智能终端中的定位功能获取,同时应建立后台运行的复制的信息传输。
 
关键词:Android;移动;定位;
                               

Abstract
As smart phones into the life of the ordinary people, it will become the main equipment of access to information. Therefore, the application of mobile phone service will have very big development space, mobile phone GPS positioning and orbit service management system is one of them. Android platform to support the development of a variety of applications, it is by far the most popular open source smartphone operating system, the latest version is android4.0, provides a convenient and flexible development interface. 
Mobile positioning refers to the fixed by a specific technology for mobile phones or end user's location information (latitude and longitude coordinates), was located in the electronic map object location technology or service. Positioning technology, there are two, one is based on GPS, a positioning is based on mobile operation network base station. Based on GPS positioning way is to use a mobile phone GPS module will send signals to its own position background to realize the mobile location. Base station positioning is the use of measuring distance to determine the distance of the base station for mobile phone location. The latter do not need to mobile phones with GPS capabilities, but the precision is largely dependent on the distribution of base station and the size of the coverage, sometimes error more than a kilometer. The former location accuracy is higher. In addition to use Wifi positioning on a small scale. This procedure has the very good portability and inheritance, developers can in its foundation.
Intelligent mobile terminal of communication services, location-based services, and camera for photo information brought great convenience in a timely manner. This subject requires students based on the Android mobile intelligent terminal to develop a GPS positioning system, management system and the orbit including photography, upload, pictures, etc. This information need by intelligent terminal positioning function, at the same time should be running in the background copy information transmission.
 
 
Keywords: Android. Mobile; Positioning;

目    录

论文封面............................................................................................................................... 1
摘    要............................................................................................................................... 2
目    录............................................................................................................................... 4
第1章 课题的背景和现状................................................................................................. 6
1.1 选题的目的及意义................................................................................................ 6
1.2 研究现状................................................................................................................ 6
1.3 本系统要实现的基本目标和研究内容................................................................ 7
2.1 经济上的可行性.................................................................................................... 8
2.2 技术上的可行性.................................................................................................... 8
2.3 操作上的可行性.................................................................................................... 8
2.4 系统用例图............................................................................................................ 8
2.5 系统流程图............................................................................................................ 9
第3章 总体设计............................................................................................................... 11
3.1 软件目标.............................................................................................................. 11
3.2 功能需求.............................................................................................................. 11
3.3系统界面需求....................................................................................................... 11
4.1 设计思想.............................................................................................................. 12
4.2 系统功能结构图.................................................................................................. 12
4.3 开发语言简介...................................................................................................... 13
4.3.1 Android简介........................................................................................... 13
4.3.2 Android Features特性......................................................................... 14
4.3.3 Android基本框架(Android Architecture)................................... 14
4.4.4 Android系统的四大组件....................................................................... 15
4.4.5 SQLite简介............................................................................................. 16
4.4 搭建Android开发环境...................................................................................... 16
4.5 Android的工程................................................................................................... 19
4.5.1  Android项目......................................................................................... 19
4.5.2  Android工程程序结构......................................................................... 19
4.5.3  AndroidManifest.xml文件................................................................. 20
4.6 数据库设计.......................................................................................................... 22
4.7 数据库e-r图...................................................................................................... 24
第5章 系统详细设计实现及代码................................................................................... 25
5.1后台登录详细设计............................................................................................... 25
5.2后台主页详细设计............................................................................................... 27
5.3手机登录设计....................................................................................................... 28
第6章系统调试与测试..................................................................................................... 30
6.1 程序调试.............................................................................................................. 30
6.2 一般程序的测试.................................................................................................. 30
6.2.1 系统测试的相应步骤............................................................................................. 30
5.2.2 相应系统测试的主要内容..................................................................................... 30
第7章 总结....................................................................................................................... 31
[参考文献]......................................................................................................................... 32
致 谢................................................................................................................................... 33


本系统要实现的基本目标和研究内容

本文要实现的基本目标和主要研究内容有以下几个方面:
1.Android4.42平台,java编写,eclipse软件,可在模拟器和android手机上安装调试。
2.采用百度地图定位,图层显示。
3.用户轨迹保存,显示,定位可以间隔刷新,必须用到数据库,从数据库存入数据,再调取进行轨迹显示。
4.UI设计(登入,注册界面)登入权限划分,普通用户只能显示自己的轨迹情况,管理员登入后可以显示需要查看
的人员的运动轨迹。




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